Obstructive Sleep apnoea(OSA) is a potentially dangerous condition and affects millions of adults worldwide, and the prevalence of the disorder has been growing over the last few decades. Treatment for moderate to severe sleep apnoea is often evasive and uncomfortable, even down right painful, often involving the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine (CPAP). The CPAP device forces air into your lungs via a nose mask, maintaining the airway open and unobstructed. Wearing a mask during sleep is an effective treatment for sleep apnoea but it’s highly uncomfortable and often prevents the patient having a good sleep, which is countered productive.
Another option that has been APAP, or a Automatic Positive Airway Pressure machine, similar to the CPAP, however it is automatic.
Bileval therapy is typically used when someone need’s a particularly higher pressure for effective treatment. Oral appliance therapy is the other and is as how it sounds.
A less invasive method, the Remede Sleeping system, is an implant that triggers the nervous system that stimulates the diaphragm into breathing ensuring a constant supply of oxygen.
Hypoglossus Nerve Stimulation
A new advancement (approved in 2014), hypoglossus nerve stimulation (HNS) is an different approach to treating Obstructive sleep apnea. With hypoglossus nerve stimulation, a small device is implanted in the chest, and can be turned on and off by the patient. Whilst you sleep, the implant monitors your breathing and stimulates a nerve that keeps the upper airway open. Recent trails has shown that hypoglossus nerve stimulation improved patients’ sleep apnoea symptoms, and had very little side effects and good results. This therapy is for patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea who are not helped by PAP therapy.
Other Latest Treatments for OSA
Expiratory Positive airway pressure (EPAP)
The EPAP system uses valves that are places over the nose when you sleep. When you inhale, the valve open up and helps keep the airway unobstructed. When you exhale, the airflow is directed into channels, which creates back pressure and, again, keeps the airways open. Open airways mean less incidences of obstructed breathing and interrupted sleep. Research has shown that EPAP is a simple yet effective treatment for OSA.
Oral Pressure Therapy
OPT does not use a mask but rather a mouthpiece that is warn by the patient. A vacuum pump cause a slight negative pressure and places the tongue and soft palette in a position that ensures that the airways remain open.